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Treatment for Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS) requires the reduction of toxicity (particularly excito-toxicity); nerve inflammation and stress. This is done by applying a multidimensional treatment approach such as R.E.S.H.A.P.E
To reduce toxicity and nerve inflammation generally exposure reduction to chemicals (food and environmental) is necessary for a period of time to allow for the repletion of enzymes and the reversal of nervous system sensitisations (changes) that makes a person more likely to experience unpleasant symptoms as a result of exposure to stressors; chemicals and stimuli at a level that is "standardly" tolerated.
While some people with MCS can benefit from standard detoxification methods such as FIR Sauna Therapy; chelation therapy or lipid exchange therapy; many people with MCS cannot tolerate standard detoxification therapies. Particularly if they are also experiencing nerve injury (peripheral neuropathy); hypocortisolism (low levels of cortisol) or very impaired liver detoxification and detox enzyme depletion. [Yanick] However, detoxification can be achieved by more safely by:
a) taking Zeolites liquid drops (I like Zeoactiv 8 - unflavoured) and charcoal tabs 1-2 hours either side of food. Not to be taken with certain medications
b) Increasing intake of filtered water; but not overdoing it as this may cause lowered blood sodium levels or electrolyte imbalances. Both can interfere with proper nerve transmission and cause "neurological" symptoms
c) Taking the load off the detoxification pathways by reducing exposure to everyday chemicals; so any toxic buildup can reduce. [See Nasty Nine Free for resources to simplify this]. Sometimes toxic buildup can be reduced quite quickly , however, if there is a substantial buildup of lipid (fat) loving toxins such as solvents or pesticides this can take several years.
To reduce stress it is important to reduce exposure to sensory stimuli (such as noise; multi-activity; large crowds) for a period of time as stimuli can trigger the Limbic HPA axis fight/flight stress response when your experiencing heightened toxicity; inflammation and stress and feed into the chronic pain; stress and stimuli sensitivity loop. It is also important to get more rest (as exhaustion heightens stress and stimuli hyper-responsiveness) and practise stress reduction techniques such as Mindfulness on a regular basis.
Managing and reducing symptoms obviously also reduces stress. While exposure reduction to chemicals (food and environmental) as well as stimuli can provide significant symptoms relief [Ziem; Gibson; Loblay; Pall; Rea; Bell; Miller]; and provide a gap for healing, it is important not to overlook proper medical treatment for any co-morbid or underlying health conditions you may have. Doctors who have the best understanding of the implications MCS has on treatment options are those trained in ecological or nutrition and environmental medicine.
Often there are non-medicine based strategies that can help with many conditions; this is the preferred approach as many people with MCS also experience medicine sensitivity and heightened side effects from these. [see www.50symptomsgone.com for more information]. However, there are some people who may actually benefit from low doses of certain medications, generally the ones recommended for people fibromyalgia or stimuli hypersensitiivty.
For some people supplements are a good alternative to medicine and are recommended, for example the neural supplement protocol developed by Pall and Ziem. However, 1 in 3 people with MCS are likely to have their symptoms worsened by herbal and plant based supplements due to pharmacological food intolerance [Dr Loblay RPAH Allergy Unit] or find that supplements provoke a too severe detoxification flare-up. Most tolerated and beneficial seems to be B12 methylcobalamine taken sublingually (under the tongue).
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6. Rowat. S.C Environ Health Perspect. 1998 February; 106(Suppl 1): 85–109.Research Article Integrated defense system overlaps as a disease model: with examples for multiple chemical sensitivity.
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8. Nussbaumer, Linda, South Dakota State University Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Implications VOL. 03 ISSUE 4
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11. Bradford L, Bradford T The VOCLESS Guide www.reshapeforhealth.com
12. Pall M.L Elevated nitric oxide/peroxynitrite theory of multiple chemical sensitivity: central role of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in the sensitivity mechanism.
13. Hypoadrenia: A causative factor in MCS, Allergies and Impaired Enzymatic Detoxification Dr. Paul Yanick, Jr. Ph.D., N.D. – Board Certified in Integrative Medicine Source: Published in the March 2005 Townsend Letter for Doctors – Revised on 11-20-11 © 2011
14. Bradford L, Bradford T The RESHAPE PLUS book for people with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Chemical Sensitivity and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity www.reshapeforhealth.com
15. Engaging with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)- London 2003 Malcolm Hooper PhD, B Pharm, C Chem, MRIC Chief Scientific Advisor to the Gulf War Veterans
16. Carruthers B.M and Van de Sande MI, MyalgicEncephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Clinical Case Definition and Guidelines for Medical practitioners –
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18. Novel Disease Paradigm Produces Explanations for a Whole Group of Illnesses A Common Causal (Etiologic) Mechanism for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Fibromyalgia and Post-Traumatic Stress DisorderMartin L. Pall, Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry and Basic Medical Sciences,Washington State University and Research Director, The Tenth Paradigm Research Group.
19. The Role of Food Intolerance in Chronic Fatigue SyndromeRobert H. Loblay, MD, PhD1 and Anne R. Swain, PhD21Senior Lecturer in Immunology, University of Sydney and Director, Allergy Service, Department of Clinical Immunology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital 2Research Dietitian, Allergy Service, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia
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22. Treatment Options in Multiple Chemical Sensitivity by Gerald H. Ross, MD, CCFP, DIBEM, FAAEM?Environmental Health Center-Dallas, Dallas, TX http://www.aehf.com/articles/treatment_options_mcs.html
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45. Rivat, C., Becker, C., Blugeot, A., Zeau, B., Mauborgne, A., Pohl, M., & Benoliel, J. (2010). Chronic stress induces transient spinal neuroinflammation, triggering sensory hypersensitivity and long-lasting anxiety-induced hyperalgesia. Pain, 150, 358-368
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57. The Ohio State University Extension. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Accessed March 2013.
58. Sampalli T, et al. Journal of multidisciplinary healthcare. 2009 Apr 7;2:53-9. A controlled study of the effect of a mindfulness-based stress reduction technique in women with multiple chemical sensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome, and fibromyalgia.
59. Smith HS, Harris R, Clauw D. Pain physician. 2011 Mar-Apr;14(2):E217-45. Fibromyalgia: an afferent processing disorder leading to a complex pain generalized syndrome.
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62. Gibson PR, et al. Nursing & health sciences. 2011 Sep;13(3):232-7. Isolation and lack of access in multiple chemical sensitivity: A qualitative study.
63. Hillert L, et al. PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e54781. Women with multiple chemical sensitivity have increased harm avoidance and educed 5-HT(1A) receptor binding potential in the anterior cingulate and amygdala.
64. Katherndahl DA, Bell IR, Palmer RF, Miller CS. Annals of family medicine. 2012 Jul-Aug;10(4):357-65. Chemical intolerance in primary care settings: prevalence, comorbidity, and outcomes.
65. Skovbjerg S, et al. Environmental health and preventive medicine. 2012 Jan;17(1):2-9. The association between idiopathic environmental intolerance and psychological distress, and the influence of social support and recent major life events.
66. Skovbjerg S, et al. Scandinavian journal of psychology. 2012 Jun;53(3):233-8. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to treat multiple chemical sensitivities: a randomized pilot trial.
67. Merkes M. Australian journal of primary health. 2010;16(3):200-10. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for people with chronic diseases.
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72. Supplements: Nutrition in a pill? By Mayo Clinic staff Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/supplements/NU00198
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74. Monitoring the Use of All Medicines and Supplements Over-the-Counter and Prescription Medicines http://www.cdc.gov/cfs/management/medicines.html
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77. Articles by Dr Paul Cheney ME/CFS http://aboutmecfs.org/Trt/CheneyFiles.aspx
78. .The MCS Canadian Source: Resources and Support for Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Environmental Illness, and Chemical Injuries has a number of good resources regarding healthcare and hospital visits www.mcscanadian.org/hospital.html
79. Neural Sensitization: The Medical Key to Treatment of Chemical Injury www.chemicalinjury.net
80. South Australia. Department of Human Services. Myalgic encephalopathy (ME) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): management guidelines for general practitioners.
81. Diagnosing and Treating Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) by Dr Sarah Myhill www.drmyhill.co.uk/cfs_book.pdf
82. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia by Dr Michael Serafin www.custommedicine.com.au/chronic-fatigue-syndrome/
83. Adrenal Fatigue/Adrenal Exhaustion by Dr M Serafin http://www.custommedicine.com.au/adrenal/
84. Low salicylate Medications: Medications listed as suitable for those with salicylate and amine (Phenolic) sensitivities by the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Allergy Clinic. Refer guide: Medications for use with a Low Phenolic Diet at www.asehaqld.org.au.
85. Environmental Working Group: Body Burden the pollution in people http://archive.ewg.org/reports/bodyburden1/es.php
86. Friendly Food – The essential guide to avoiding allergies, additives and problem chemicals by Dr Anne Swain, Dr Velencia L Soutter and Dr Robert H Loblay from Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Allergy Unit
87. RPAH Elimination Diet Handbook with food and shopping guide www.sswahs.nsw.gov.au/rpa/allergy/
88. The Mood Cure by Juila Ross M.A. 2002
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91. Chemical Intolerance in Primary Care Settings: Prevalence, Comorbidity, and Outcomes.?Katerndahl DA, Bell IR, Palmer RF, Miller CS. Ann Fam Med. 2012 Jul;10(4):357-65.
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95. Miller CS. Addiction 2001 Jan;96(1):115-137.Toxicant-induced loss of tolerance: Mechanisms of action of addictive stimuli?
96. Hawkins H, Acupuncture Today December, 2000, Vol. 01, Issue 12 Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
97. Hawkins H, Acupuncture Today February, 2001, Vol. 02, Issue 02. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Part II